Doctoral Degree

The minimum requirement for medical careers on this page is a Doctoral degree. Most of these careers will need a residency and fellowship as well.

Career

Description: A quick summary of the tasks required of the career

Average Salary: Average annual (yearly) salary 

Education level: Minimum education required to achieve this career

Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiologist

Description: Type of cardiologist who treats problems related to the heart rhythm problems. Test for, diagnose, and treat abnormal heart rhythms. 

Average Salary: $438K

Education level: Medical school, residency, fellowship, electrophysiology fellowship

Anesthesiologist

Description: Responsible for giving patients the right amount of anesthesia, which varies for each patient, usually before or after an invasive procedure or surgery

Average Salary: $320-540K

Education level: Master of Science in Medicine & Anesthesiology, Doctor of Medicine

Medical Science Liaison

Description: Design and conduct studies investigating medical conditions/methods to prevent or treat them, prepare/analyze medical samples and data to investigate the cause of disease, standardize drug potency, methods, and doses of medicinal compounds, create and test medical devices, develop programs to improve health outcomes, write research grant proposals 

Average Salary: $169K 

Education level: Doctorate or Ph.D

Allopathic Physician

Description: Treat patients using modern medical treatments such as medication, surgery, radiation, and other medically-approved treatments (includes careers such as surgeons, psychiatrists, cardiologists, anesthesiologists, neurologists, and more)

Average Salary: $202K 

Education level: Medical school/residency

Physical Therapist

Description: Improve the quality of life for patients via prescribed exercises to manage pain, restore function, and prevent disabilities

Average Salary: $87K

Education level: Master of Science in physical therapy, Doctor of physical therapy

Naturopathic Physician

Description: Treat patients using natural techniques/practices, focuses on healing the body using nature, staying away from techniques such as surgery

Average Salary: $50K 

Education level: Medical school

Nurse Researcher

Description: Identify research questions, design, conduct, analyze, and report findings of scientific studies 

Average Salary: $95K  

Education level: Ph.D degree

Geriatric Psychiatrist

Description: Treat mental illnesses of the elderly, provide specialized care 

Average Salary: $154K 

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Forensic Odontologist

Description: Identify the source of dental evidence at crime sciences by making teeth molds, taking x-rays and taking detailed reports of the person’s teeth

Average Salary: $147K

Education level: Doctoral degree/Residency

Oncologist

Description: Diagnose and treat cancer

Average Salary: $257K

Education level: Medical school/residency/oncology fellowship

Radiologist

Description: Take and analyze medical images to treat and diagnose illnesses, review diagnostic imaging

Average Salary: $208K

Education level: Doctorate degree

Pathologist 

Description: Study and diagnose diseases using laboratory methods

Average Salary: $196K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Clinical Immunologist

Description: Study the relationship between pathogens and the immune system, develop pharmaceutical drugs, understand more about allergic reaction/immunological diseases

Average Salary: $96K

Education level: Doctoral or professional degree

Sleep Medicine Specialist

Description: Diagnose, treat, and manage a variety of sleep disorders

Average Salary: $260K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Sports Medicine Specialist

Description: Provide medical attention to athletes in the form of counseling or medical treatment

Average Salary: $200K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship 

Forensic Pathologist

Description: Determine the cause of a death/disease/injury and perform autopsies, recover evidence from corpses, serve as expert witnesses in court, 

Average Salary: $193K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Forensic Psychiatrist

Description: Help solve crimes, treat medical illnesses in criminals, determine if an individual is mentally fit enough to stand trial, recommend defense tactics and sentencing

Average Salary: $220K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Bariatrician

Description: Prevent and treat disorders related to obesity, perform surgeries for severe cases, provide counseling, prescribe medications and exercise/diet routines

Average Salary: $149K

Education level: Medical school/internship/residency

Diabetologist

Description: Prevent and treat disorders related to diabetes or conduct research, help patients lower high blood sugar with the use of exercise, healthy diet, and medications

Average Salary: $203K

Education level: Medical school/residency/subspecialty in endocrinology

Physiatrist

Description: Specialize in rehabilitation and medicating patients who have undergone surgery or some other serious ailment, give orders to therapists regarding the length of treatment

Average Salary: $116K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Plastic Surgeon

Description: Repair birth defects, skin damage, fix broken facial bones using invasive procedures (also for cosmetic purposes)

Average Salary: $386K

Education level: Doctor of medicine or osteopathy/residency

Preventative Medicine Specialist

Description: Prevent health problems from occurring in patients and infectious diseases from spreading

Average Salary: $206K

Education level: Medical school/residency or fellowship 

Rheumatologist

Description: Examine, diagnose, and decide the best treatment for a given medical condition that affects the bones, muscles, or joints (likely a result of an immune dysfunction)

Average Salary: $166K

Education level: Medical school/residency/Rheumatology specific education

Infectious Disease Specialist

Description: Diagnose and treat infectious diseases, focusing on how the disease spreads and how the body fights it

Average Salary: $189K

Education level: Medical school/internship/residency

Internist

Description: Physicians who diagnose and treat diseases, disorders, and injuries that don’t require surgery

Average Salary: $191K

Education level: Medical school/internship/residency

Medical Geneticist

Description: Diagnose and treat diseases originating from a patient’s genes

Average Salary: $145K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Emergency Medicine Specialist

Description: Provide immediate care to patients with injuries, illnesses, or ailments that cannot be taken care of by an emergency medical technician

Average Salary: $222K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Medical Immunologist

Description: Conduct and evaluate diagnostic tests to diagnose and treat immunological diseases 

Average Salary: $92K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Research Immunologist

Description: Conduct scientific studies related to cell reproduction and diseases that affect the immune system

Average Salary:  $92K

Education level: Ph.D in biology/microbiology

Prosthodontist

Description: Improve and replace teeth to improve the mouth’s function or a smile

Average Salary: $176K

Education level: Dental school/residency

Orthopedic Physician

Description: Specialize in working with the musculoskeletal system for diseases or injuries, can specialize in one area of the body

Average Salary: $482K

Education level: Doctor of osteopathic medicine/residency

Urologist

Description: Diagnose/treat conditions related to the urinary tract and male reproductive system

Average Salary: $208K

Education level: Medical degree/residency

Neonatologist

Description: Stabilize conditions and care for newborns with conditions such as birth defects or problems with breathing

Average Salary: $180-330K

Education level: Doctor of medicine degree/residency/fellowship

Surgeon

Description: Treat injuries, diseases, or deformities via surgery, provide a diagnosis, and counsel patients and their families. There are many specializations, the most popular being the general surgeon(basic procedures), cardiothoracic surgeon(heart, lungs, chest), neurosurgeon(brain, central, peripheral systems), obstetric/gynecological surgeon(reproductive system), otolaryngology surgeon(ears, nose, throat), and oral/maxillofacial surgeon(mouth and jaw)

Average Salary: $255K

Education level: Medical school/residency 

Dermatologist

Description: Research, diagnose, and treat ailments related to the skin

Average Salary: $251K

Education level: Medical school/residency/license

Cardiologist

Description: Diagnose and treat patients with heart problems

Average Salary: $244K

Education level: Medical school/residency/doctorate

Neurologist

Description: Treat diseases affecting the nervous system

Average Salary: $208K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Optometrist

Description: Diagnose, treat, and manage diseases/ailments related to the eye and visual problems

Average Salary: $115K

Education level: Doctor of optometry degree

Chiropractor

Description: Treat many symptoms using neuromusculoskeletal expertise (usually specialize in a particular area of chiropractic medicine), manually adjust the spine, knees, hips, and other joints

Average Salary: $71K

Education level: Doctor of chiropractic degree

Obstetrician

Description: Recognize, treat, and manage issues with pregnancies, tend to practice as gynecologists as well and provide advice and prescriptions for any problems with regard to the reproductive system

Average Salary: $192K

Education level: Medical school/residency

Endocrinologist

Description: Study and treatment of conditions related to the glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream, which coordinate bodily functions such as metabolism and cell growth

Average Salary: $197K

Education level: Doctor of medicine (M.D.) degree/residency/fellowship

Geriatrician

Description: Address illnesses that come with old age (stroke, osteoporosis, Alheimer’s disease) to care for elder patients, determine when it is not safe for a patient to live alone (suggest assisted living), counsel patients of end of life care

Average Salary: $166K

Education level: Medical school/specialty training

Gastroenterologist

Description: Diagnose and treat disorders related to digestive system (esophagus, stomach, intestines, gallbladder, liver, pancreas)

Average Salary: $377K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Hematologist

Description: Specialize in the treatment of diseases/ailments relating to the blood such as anemia, prescribe medications/dietary advice

Average Salary: $235K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Nephrologist

Description: Experts in the treatment/diagnosis of diseases or disorders related to the kidneys, manage systemic disorders that affect the kidneys such as cancer, high blood pressure, or diabetes

Average Salary: $212K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Audiologist

Description: Diagnose/treat disorders hearing disorders, fit patients with hearing aids, teach patients alternative forms of communication (sign language, lip reading), counsel patients to help them deal with their hearing disability

Average Salary: $76K

Education level: Doctor of audiology degree, obtain a license/certification

Ophthalmologist

Description: Treat/diagnose problems with the eye, prescribe medication, prescribe correction lenses, perform surgery

Average Salary: $198K

Education level: Medical school/internship/residency

Otolaryngologist

Description: Diagnoses and treats disorders relating to the ears, nose, and throat, sinuses, and related areas. 

Average Salary: $129K

Education level: Medical school/internship/residency

Pulmonologist

Description: Diagnose and treat ailments related to the lungs and breathing channel, prescribe medication, inhalers, oxygen therapy, or mechanical ventilation, recommend diet changes/exercise

Average Salary: $296K

Education level: Medical school/residency/fellowship

Physiotherapist

Description: Help injured or sick people (recovering from surgery or injuries) manage movement and pain

Average Salary: $89K

Education level: Doctor of physical therapy degree (bachelor’s degree/DPT program)

Biomedical Engineer

Description: Design and create equipment, software, and computer systems to be used in a healthcare facility

Average Salary: $91K

Education level: Graduate degree, (optional medical/law degree)

Podiatrist

Description: Provide surgical and medical care for patients with foot, ankle, and lower leg problems

Average Salary: $126K

Education level: Doctoral/professional degree

Veterinarian

Description: Care for animal and public health and safety

Average Salary: $95K

Education level: Doctor of veterinary medicine degree

Therapist

Description: Aid patients in their recovery from mental disorders that impact their everyday life

Average Salary: $77K

Education level: Master of science in psychology, Doctorate of psychology

Psychologist

Description: Assess, diagnose, and treat mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders

Average Salary: 80K

Education level: Doctor of psychology degree, Ph.D of psychology

Psychiatrist

Description: Evaluate, diagnose, and treat mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders- provide counseling and medications.

Average Salary: 222K

Education level: Residency (Medicine)

Pediatrician

Description: Provide medical care to growing children

Average Salary: 183K

Education level: Residency (Pediatrics)

Dentist

Description: Diagnose and treat problems relating to the teeth, gums, and other parts of the mouth, provide suggestions to maintain healthy teeth/gums

Average Salary: $159K

Education level: Doctor of dental surgery(DDS)/Doctor of medicine in dentistry(DMD) degree

Pharmacist

Description: Dispense prescription medication and offer suggestions on safe use of prescription

Average Salary: $128K

Education level: Doctor of pharmacy degree

Advertisement